Mental deterioration, commonly referred to as dementia, is not a disease in itself. Rather, it is a group of symptoms caused by various conditions or diseases that can affect memory, reasoning, language and daily function.  The most common of these diseases include Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s.  However, some forms of dementia may be caused by a hormone imbalance, vitamin deficiency, injury or illness in other organs. A neurologist can help determine the causes, diagnosis and treatment for dementia to help slow deterioration and improve quality of life for patients and their families.  



Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that usually can be identified by the seizures that overtake the patient during periods of abnormal brain activity. The seizures may range from mild staring spells to violent convulsions. An isolated seizure that does not reoccur is usually not epilepsy, however the doctors at Neurologic Associates of Cape Girardeau can help identify the disease and recommend successful treatment.



Not all headaches are migraine headaches, but they can be just as debilitating. A migraine headache usually involves intense throbbing on at least one side of the head and can be accompanied by nausea, dizziness, sensitivity to sound and light and other symptoms. The Migraine Research Foundation reports nearly 1 in 4 households includes someone suffering from migraines. One of our neurologists will help determine whether you are experiencing migraine headaches or if there may be another neurological cause and help you find relief.


Multiple Sclerosis

The symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) vary greatly among individuals, ranging from mild numbness to life-threatening paralysis. A disorder of the central nervous system (CNS), which includes the brain, spine and optic nerves, new research indicates MS may be an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system responds abnormally. To diagnose Multiple Sclerosis your neurologist will need to find damage in at least two areas of the CNS and rule out other possibilities. While there is no current cure for MS, there are effective strategies for managing symptoms and reducing progression of the disease.


Neuromuscular Disorders

There are many types of neuromuscular diseases, but all are caused by damage to the nerve cells (neurons) sending messages to the brain cells that control voluntary muscles. Many neuromuscular disorders are genetic, resulting from a mutation in a gene. Symptoms may include muscle weakness, cramps, twitching or complete muscle atrophy. Nerves going to the face, brain and limbs can all be affected. Familiar disorders include Muscular Dystrophy, Cerebral Palsy, Myasthenia Gravis and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), often referred to as Lou Gehrig's Disease. Your neurologist can diagnose treatment to help reduce symptoms and improve quality of life.



A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted. Signs of a stroke can include numbness on one side of the body, trouble speaking and walking, confusion, and severe headache. The effects of a stroke can be greatly minimized with immediate diagnosis and treatment. More than seven million Americans have survived a stroke. Your neurologist can not only help in your recovery but also help you prevent recurrence.



Most tremors occur in the hands or head, resulting in an unintentional shake. Tremors can also occur in the vocal cords, limbs and trunk. Usually, a person suffering from tremors is otherwise healthy, although they can be caused by diseases such as Parkinson’s or Dystonia (a painful muscle-contraction disorder). While most tremors are not life threatening, they can be embarrassing. The neurologists at Neurologic Associates of Cape Girardeau will help determine the possible cause and work hard to identify treatment to help patients feel more in control and at peace.